Eprizero Pour-on for cattle is a ready to use pour-on solution that is used in the treatment and gastrointestinal roundworms, lungworms, warbles, mange mites and lice. Eprizero Boasts a zero hour withdrawal time for dairy cattle and a reduced withdrawal time of 10 days for beef cattle.
Active Ingredient: Eprinomectin
Target Species: Beef Cattle, Dairy Cattle
Treats and Controls: Gastrointestinal roundworm, lungworm, warbles, lice, mange mites
Administration Method: Pour-On
Withdrawal Time:10 days for cattle intended for meat and offal, zero hours for cattle producing milk for human consumption
Dosage for cattle: 1 ml per 10 kg of bodyweight.
|Body Weight||Dose Volume||Number of full doses per pack:|
|2.5 Litre||5 Litre|
Always read the label and all enclosed information for Eprizero before administering to animals!
Increase on milk production: Studies have shown that cattle treated with Eprizero can have an increase in their milk yield of up to 2 litres per animal per day.
Increased weight gain: Cattle treated with Eprizero have also been shown to graze for up to an hour longer every day. This leads to improved weight gain as well as improved milk yields.
Improved body conditions: The increase in grazing times leads also to an increase in the nutrients consumed by cattle. This increase in nutrients leads to healthier cattle with increased body conditions.
Improved fertility rates: The elimination of parasites and the improved overall health of the cattle will lead to increased fertility rates. Herds treated with Eprizero have shown increases of up to 20% in conception rates in the first year alone.
This product is only licensed for sale within the Republic of Ireland
Health Products Regulatory Authority
Summary of Product Characteristics
1 NAME OF THE VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCT
Eprizero 5 mg/ml Pour-On Solution for Beef and Dairy Cattle.
2 QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION
1 ml of solution contains:
Eprinomectin 5 mg
Butylated Hydroxytoluene (E321) 0.1 mg
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
3 PHARMACEUTICAL FORM
A clear to very light yellow solution.
4 CLINICAL PARTICULARS
4.1 Target Species
Beef and dairy cattle.
1 ml of solution contains:
Eprinomectin 5 mg
Butylated Hydroxytoluene (E321) 0.1 mg
For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1.
4.2 Indications for use, specifying the target species
Indicated for the treatment and prevention of the following parasites:
Gastrointestinal Roundworms (adults and fourth stage larvae):
Ostertagia lyrata (adult),
Ostertagia ostertagi (including inhibited O. ostertagi),
Cooperia spp. (including inhibited Cooperia spp.),
Oesophagostomum spp. (adult),
Trichuris spp. (adult).
Lungworms (adults and fourth stage larvae):
Sarcoptes scabiei var bovis
Damalinia bovis (biting lice),
Linognathus vituli (sucking lice),
Haematopinus eurysternus (sucking lice),
Solenopotes capillatus (sucking lice).
Applied as recommended, the product prevents reinfections with:
Parasite * Prolonged Activity
Dictyocaulus viviparus up to 28 days
Ostertagia spp up to 28 days
Oesophagostomum radiatum up to 28 days
Cooperia spp up to 21 days
Trichostrongylus spp up to 21 days
Haemonchus placei up to 14 days
Nematodirus helvetianus up to 14 days
*The following parasite species are included within each of the relevant genera: Ostertagia ostertagi, O. lyrata,
Cooperia oncophora, C. punctata, C. surnabada, Trichostronglus axei, T. colubroformis.
This product is formulated only for topical application to beef and dairy cattle, including lactating dairy cattle.
use in other animal species.
Do not administer orally or by injection.
Do not use in animals with known hypersensitivity to the active ingredient or any of the excipients.
4.4 Special warnings for each target species
The details provided in section 4.10 apply.
If there is a risk for re-infestation, the advice of a veterinarian should be sought regarding the need for and frequency of repeat administration.
Care should be taken to avoid the following practices because they increase the risk of development of resistance and could ultimately result in ineffective therapy:
- Too frequent and repeated use of anthelmintics from the same class, over an extended period of time.
- Underdosing, which may be due to underestimation of bodyweight, misadministration of the product, or lack of
calibration of the dosing device (if any).
Suspected clinical cases of resistance to anthelmintics should be further investigated using appropriate tests (e.g. Faecal
Egg Count Reduction Test). Where the results of the test(s) strongly suggest resistance to a particular anthelmintic, an anthelmintic belonging to another pharmacological class and having a different mode of action should be used.
To date no resistance to eprinomectin (a macrocyclic lactone) has been reported within the EU.
However resistance to other macrocyclic lactones has been reported in parasite species in cattle within the EU. Therefore, use of this product should be based on local (regional, farm) epidemiological information about susceptibility of nematodes and recommendations on how to limit further selection for resistance to anthelmintics.
While mite and louse numbers decline rapidly following treatment, due to the feeding habits of the parasites, in some
cases several weeks may be required for complete eradication.
For effective use, the product should not be applied to areas of the backline covered with mud or manure.
4.5 Special precautions for use
i. Special precautions for use in animals
Not to be used in other species; avermectins can cause fatalities in dogs.
The product should be applied only to healthy skin.
ii. Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to
This product may be irritating to human skin and eyes and may cause hypersensitivity.
Avoid skin and eye contact with the product during treatment and when handling recently treated animals.
Users should wear rubber gloves, boots and a waterproof coat when applying the product.
Should clothing become contaminated, remove as soon as possible and launder before re-use.
If accidental skin contact occurs, wash the affected area immediately with soap and water.
If accidental eye exposure occurs, flush eyes immediately with water.
This product may be toxic after accidental ingestion.
Avoid accidental ingestion of the product by hand to mouth contact.
Do not smoke, eat or drink while handling the product.
In the event of ingestion, wash out mouth with water and seek medical advice.
Wash hands after use.
This product is flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition.
Inhalation of the product may cause irritation.
Use only in well ventilated areas or outdoors.
iii. Other precautions
Eprinomectin is very toxic to dung fauna and aquatic organisms and may accumulate in sediments.
The risk to aquatic ecosystems and dung fauna can be reduced by avoiding too frequent and repeated use of
eprinomectin (and products of the same anthelmintic class) in cattle.
The risk to aquatic ecosystems will be further reduced by keeping treated cattle away from water bodies for two to four weeks after treatment.
4.6 Adverse reactions (frequency and seriousness)
No undesirable effects have been identified when the product is used at the recommended dose rate.
4.7 Use during pregnancy, lactation or lay
May be used in dairy cattle during all stages of lactation.
Studies have demonstrated a wide safety margin. Studies conducted at three times the recommended use level of 0.5 mg eprinomectin/kg b.w. had no adverse effect on breeding performance of cows or bulls.
4.8 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction
4.9 Amounts to be administered and administration route
Administer only by topical application at the dose rate of 1 ml per 10 kg of body weight, corresponding to the
recommended dose rate of 0.5 mg eprinomectin per kg b.w. The product should be applied topically by pouring along
the backline in a narrow strip extending from the withers to the tailhead.
Rainfall at anytime before or after treatment will not affect the efficacy of the product.
To ensure administration of a correct dose, bodyweight should be determined as accurately as possible; accuracy of the dosing device (dosing cup or dosing gun delivery system) should be checked.
For best results use as part of a program to control both internal and external parasites of cattle based on the
epidemiology of these parasites.
4.10 Overdose (symptoms, emergency procedures, antidotes), if necessary
In adult cattle, after administration of 5 times the recommended dose (2.5 mg eprinomectin/kg body weight), mild hair
loss was observed. No other signs of toxicity were seen.
No antidote has been identified.
4.11 Withdrawal Period(s)
Meat & offal: 10 days
Milk: zero hours.
5 PHARMACOLOGICAL or IMMUNOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
ATC Vet Code:
5.1 Pharmacodynamic properties
Mode of action
Eprinomectin is a member of the macrocyclic lactone class of endectocides.
Compounds of the class bind selectively
and with high affinity to glutamate-gated chloride ion channels which occur in invertebrate nerve or muscle cells.
This leads to an increase in the permeability of the cell membrane to chloride ions with hyperpolarization of the nerve or muscle cell, resulting in paralysis and death of the parasite.
Compounds of this class may also interact with other ligand-gated chloride channels, such as those gated by the
neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).
The margin of safety for compounds of this class is attributable to the fact that mammals do not have glutamate-gated
chloride channels; the macrocyclic lactones have a low affinity for other mammalian ligand-gated chloride channels,
and they do not readily cross the blood-brain barrier.
5.2 Pharmacokinetic properties
The bioavailability of topically applied eprinomectin in cattle is about 30% with most absorption occurring by about 10
days after treatment. Eprinomectin is not extensively metabolized in cattle following topical administration. In all
biological matrices, the B1a component of eprinomectin is the single most abundant residue.
Eprinomectin consists of the components B1a ( 90 %) and B1b ( 10 %) which differ by a methylene unit and is not
extensively metabolized in cattle. Metabolites amount to approximately 10% of the total residues in plasma, milk,
edible tissues and faeces.
The metabolism profile is nearly identical, qualitatively and quantitatively, in the above biological matrices and does
not change significantly with time after administration of eprinomectin. The percent contribution of B1a and B1b to the
overall metabolite profile remains constant. The ratio of the two drug components in the biological matrices is identical to that in the formulation demonstrating that the two eprinomectin components are metabolized with nearly equal rate constants. Since the metabolism and the tissue distribution of the two components are quite similar, the
pharmacokinetics of the two components would be also similar.
Eprinomectin is strongly linked to plasma proteins (99 %). Faeces is the major route of elimination.
5.3 Environmental properties
Like other macrocyclic lactones, eprinomectin has the potential to adversely affect non-target organisms. Following
treatment, excretion of potentially toxic levels of eprinomectin may take place over a period of several weeks. Faeces
containing eprinomectin excreted onto pasture by treated animals may reduce the abundance of dung feeding organisms which may impact on the dung degradation.
Eprinomectin is very toxic to aquatic organisms and may accumulate in sediments.
6 PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS
6.1 List of excipients
Butylated Hydroxytoluene (E321)
Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate and Isopropyl Myristate
Propylene Glycol Dicaprylocaprate
No major incompatibility has been identified.
Shelf-life of the veterinary medicinal product as packaged for sale: 24 months.
Shelf-life after first opening the immediate packaging: 3 months
6.4 Special precautions for storage
Do not store above 30°C.
Keep container in the outer carton.
Protect from light.
6.5 Nature and composition of immediate packaging
Translucent 250 mL and 1 L HDPE containers with integral squeeze measure pour system and white HDPE screw caps.
White 1 L, 2.5 L and 5 L HDPE backpacks and white polypropylene screw caps.
Not all packs sizes may be marketed.
6.6 Special precautions for the disposal of unused veterinary medicinal products or waste materials
Any unused veterinary medicinal product or waste materials derived from such veterinary medicinal products should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Extremely dangerous to fish and aquatic life. Do not contaminate ponds, waterways or ditches with the product or
7 MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER
Norbrook Laboratories Limited
8 MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S)
9 DATE OF THE FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE AUTHORISATION
1st March 2013
10 DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT
These should be applied along the length of the flattest part of the animal’s back, from the withers to the tail head.
In general, animals should not be treated when the hair is wet or if rain is anticipated within two hours of treatment. However, some products are waterproof and can be used on wet animals.
Areas of damaged skin should be avoided, as should areas contaminated with mud or manure
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|Ireland (ROI & NI)||EU (Mainland Only)|
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